Foreign investment projects in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) are approved on a case-by-case basis. The approval is principally driven by the “Three Laws on Foreign Investments”: the Sino-Foreign Equity Joint Venture Enterprise Law (“Equity Joint Venture Law”), the Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprise Law (“WOFE Law”), and the Sino-Foreign Cooperative Joint Venture Enterprise Law (“Cooperative Joint Venture Law”). Read More ›
The China Council for the Promotion of International Trade/China Chamber of International Commerce (or “CIETAC”), a leading arbitral body in China, recently amended its Arbitration Rules. While some of the amendments and additions are relatively minor, the changes provide for several new options to parties who use CIETAC for arbitration. Read More ›
China’s healthcare market is expected to grow from $357 billion in 2011 to $1 trillion by 2020 according to McKinsey & Company. This makes China the most attractive healthcare market in the world. Specifically, attention should be paid to China’s elder care sector. According to the CIA’s World Factbook, more than 280 million people in China are 55 and older. The United Nations estimated that by 2025 there will be 64 elderly retired people in China for every 100 workers, whereas only 33 retirees for every 100 workers by 2050 is projected for the United States. Given how much of a challenge it is even for a developed economy like the United States to handle its elder care, China’s problem is entirely on a different scale. Read More ›
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, China is now the world’s second largest market for medical equipment. According to the Hong Kong Trade and Development Council (HKTDC), the Chinese medical device market was worth about $34.51 billion in 2013. The annual growth rate of China’s medical device market has been between 15% and 20% depending on the product sector. The major driving forces behind this growth include increasing demand for healthcare services due to improved and complete coverage for Chinese nationals and the increasing aging population in China. Hospitals are major distribution portals for medical devices accounting for more than 75% of the market share according to the HKTDC. Medical device makers from the United States, Europe and Japan take up roughly three-quarters of China’s medical device market. This is mostly because Chinese consumers consider foreign products better in quality and are technologically advanced. To no one’s surprise, China has been speeding up the development of its own medical device industry and promoting domestic products in its recent “Buy China” efforts. Read More ›
The Changing Labyrinth of China’s e-Commerce - New Requirements of an Online Standard Terms Agreement
China is transitioning from a manufacturing-based economy to a more service and consumption-driven economy. E-commerce is at the center of this transition and it is growing at a rapid pace. In 1995, there were approximately 60,000 Internet users in China. Today, the Boston Consulting Group predicts China’s Internet population will reach 730 million in the next two years and its online shopping headcount is expected to reach 380 million. The value of China’s e-commerce market is also astonishing. By 2015, KPMG estimates China’s e-commerce transactions to reach $540 billion. Read More ›
China’s Ministry of Commerce has taken another step to deregulate over time the approval process for Chinese citizens and companies to invest overseas. This remains a controlled process, but the new rules described in the link below should assist in increasing China’s going abroad. Frost Brown Todd often works with Jun He on mutual client matters. Click here for a summary of the new measures in English and in Chinese.
US health care businesses see China as a waiting market, ready for the introduction of world-class hospitals and care centers. China understandably regards medical care as intensely domestic, and has limited foreign involvement to joint ventures or minority ownership. Read More ›
In recent years, the United States has become a preferred destination for Chinese acquisitions and strategic investments. This is mostly due to the weak dollar, the US debt crisis, and the desire to gain access to US brands, distribution systems, and technological know-how. However, the biggest concern for Chinese investors entering the US market is the national security review by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Read More ›
While the laundry list of challenges is familiar, last week's Financial Times analysis of China's shale oil gas industry makes interesting reading for any U.S. company trying to tap the China market. Whether it be underground reserves or untapped consumer demand, majors and middle-maket companies face the same myriad of "soft" challenges, including the absence of a mature legal structure, crowding out by giant SOEs and intellectual property risks. Read More ›
In recent days, we have seen Chinese firms becoming more aggressive and entering into the U.S. market wanting to invest. Fosun, a Shanghai based firm, recently purchased the One Chase Manhattan Plaza in New York for $725 million. Greenland Group, another Shanghai based firm, recently became a majority owner in a joint venture that will develop a commercial real estate project in downtown Brooklyn. Earlier this year, a Chinese property developer became a 40% stakeholder in the General Motors Building in Manhattan. Read More ›
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Joseph J. Dehner Joe Dehner concentrates his practice on multinational business and securities disputes. He counsels a wide variety of companies, domestic and foreign, on issues confronting global business, including transnational investment, mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, customs and trade issues, international business structures, distribution and agency agreements and the resolution of international disputes.